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Course Descriptions

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS:

A.J. 101:        “Introduction to the Administration of Justice”

This course provides a study of the history, characteristics and philosophy of the system of administration of criminal justice in the United States. It examines the major components and various sub-components; role expectations and their interrelationships; responses to crime: theories of crime, punishment, and rehabilitation; ethics; education and training for professionalism in the system; legal words and phrases as an aid in the communication process; examines crime measurement; evolution of the principles and approaches utilized by the justice system and the evolving forces which have shaped them; the origins and development of criminal law, legal process, sentencing and incarceration policies. While the justice structure and process is examined in a cross cultural context, emphasis is placed on the U. S. justice, particularly the structure and function of the police, courts and corrections.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will be able to identify the major components of the American criminal justice system
B. Students will be able to identify the major theories that attempt to explain rime causation
C. Students will compare the federal and state court systems
D. Explain the methods, theories and concepts associated with the sources of crime data, the emerging patterns of criminal activity and the costs of crime
E. Understand the history, development and structure and function of American police, courts and corrections
F. Demonstrate an understanding of the history, structure and functions of the police
G. Convey an understanding of the process of adjudication
H. Show an understanding of corrections including the roles of probation, parole and community corrections; as well as the functions of prisons and jails
I. Identify and describe special issues in the criminal justice system involving juvenile delinquency, drugs and the future development
J. Critically analyze and discuss issues of crime and justice from varying perspectives
K. Utilize conclusions from scholarly research in creating informed positions on controversial issues in criminal justice
L. Demonstrate the ability to raise critically relevant questions based on independent reading of criminal justice literature
M. Effectively follow the appropriate writing style practiced in the social sciences
N. Explain the definitions of crime
O. Understand the extent of the crime problem in America
   

A.J. 102:        “Concepts of Criminal Law”

Required for all A.J. majors.  An excellent course for anyone desiring an introduction to criminal law This course provides an introduction to the historical development and philosophy of law and constitutional provisions; as well as crime definitions, classifications of crimes, common law versus statutory law, crimes against persons, property, morals and public welfare, the nature of acceptable evidence, legal research, legal methodology, and concepts of law as a social force. A brief analysis of criminal intent, parties to a crime, general elements of crime, corpus delicti, defenses to crimes and an introduction to laws of arrest will also be undertaken in this class.

Student Learning Outcomes

A.  Students will research appellate court decisions and compose a sample case brief

B. Students will identify the crime classifications according to severity

C. Students will analyze the historical origins of the American Criminal Law

D. Students will appraise the constitutional amendments having the greatest impact on law enforcement

E. Students will identify the elements of offenses against the person, property, morals and public welfare

F. Students will identify the defenses that can be raised to counter a criminal charge  

 

A.J. 202:        “Substantive Criminal Law”

This course is a study of the substantive criminal laws commonly enforced by municipal, county or state police officers, or other criminal justice investigators. The course provides a complete analysis of both statutory laws case decisions.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will articulate the structure framework of the substantive criminal law
B. Students will identify the different types of lawful and unlawful homicides
C. Students will identify the elements to the crime of rape
               

A.J. 103:        “Criminal Procedures”

This course provides a detailed examination and analysis of due process in criminal proceedings from pre-arrest through trial and appeal utilizing statutory law and state and constitutional law precedents, including the California court system, jurisdiction and venue, laws of arrest, grand jury proceedings, extradition, pre-trial procedures, conduct of criminal trials, rights of the defendant, post-trial motions and appeals, probation and parole. It begins with a thorough study of the organization and jurisdiction of the criminal courts and then follows the processing of a criminal case from arrest through bail hearings, arraignments, selection and trial, to final judgment and sentencing.  A mock trial may be included as part of the course work.This course is required for all A.J. majors, and also satisfies requirements for pre-law, Para-legal, and Court Reporting majors.  It is also an excellent course for Journalism, Public Administration, Political Science, Education and Social Studies majors.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will be able to identify and explain the three types of initial pleadings charging documents
B. Students will identify the steps in the criminal judicial process
C. Students will differentiate between reasonable suspicion and probable cause
D. Students will describe the elements of a legal arrest
E. Students will identify the forms of court jurisdiction
F. Identify and critically analyze the concepts of due process as found in the 6th, 8th and 14th amendments, including the rights to counsel, bail, jury trial and due process
G. Describe the history and application of the exclusionary rule in shaping criminal procedure
H. Describe the application of the right to counsel in a criminal case
I. Describe the application of the right to a jury trial

A.J. 104:        “Criminal Evidence”

This course stresses the origin, development, philosophy, and constitutional basis of evidence; constitutional and procedural considerations which affect arrest, search and seizure; kinds and degrees of evidence; the rules governing the admissibility of evidence; and judicial decisions relating to individual rights. A detailed examination of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendment Constitutional rules relating to search and seizure, search warrants, the exclusionary rule, and the admissibility of evidence in court. It is recommended for paralegals, pre-law students, and others in related fields.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will identify and explain the meaning of the terms "relevant evidence," "preliminary evidence," and "direct evidence."
B. Students will explain the difference between direct and circumstantial evidence
C. Students will demonstrate an understanding of the basic terms and phrases used in the Evidence Code
D. Students will describe the authority of a judge at trial

A.J. 105:        “Community Relations/Multi-Cultural Issues”

This course provides a study of the complex and dynamic relationships between criminal justice agencies and the changing, diverse communities they serve while addressing crime and conflicts in society. An emphasis will be placed on the challenges and prospects of administering justice within a diverse multicultural population. The course will also focus on the ethics, politics and conflicting values in culture, religion and law. The ethnic and cultural diversity of our communities is examined as it affects criminal justice, and particularly law enforcement.  Guest lecturers representing a variety of backgrounds are invited to participate in this class.  The course also has value for anyone concerned with community safety.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will explain the history and evolution of multiculturalism in the U. S.
B. Students will identify the challenges presented by a multicultural society
C. Students will identify the key issues that pose potential conflict between diverse communities and the courts, police and corrections.
D. Students will identify the communications differences between "high context" and "low context" cultures
E. Students will differentiate between racial profiling and law enforcement, or behavior based profiling
F. Students will identify the impact of language barriers in everyday law enforcement situations
G. Students will identify strategies for the administration of justice in a multicultural society

A.J. 108:        “Special Issues In Law Enforcement”

This course provides instruction in special issues critical to effective service by law enforcement professionals in modern society. Topics to be covered will include police as professionals; defining and applying values, principles, and moral standards to law enforcement; police and the community; tactical communication; correctly utilizing information systems in police work; and dealing effectively with persons with disabilities. Current topics and issues such as terrorism, street gangs and prison gangs are a major emphasis in this course.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will distinguish between the various law enforcement information systems.
B. Students will identify the laws protecting persons with disabilities.
C. Students will relate the relevance between tactical communications and the use of force.

A.J. 110:        “Patrol Procedures & Enforcement Tactics”

This course explores the theories, philosophies and operational concepts of Law Enforcement Field Services, and examines the role expectations of the police field officer. Emphasis is placed upon patrol, traffic and public service responsibilities and their relationship to the total criminal justice system. An examination of the theories and operational procedures of police field patrol services. Provides an understanding of selective enforcement policies, pro-active law enforcement strategies, officer safety, and the operational procedures used in responding to typical police patrol situations. Issues related to the handling of felony crimes in progress, disasters and responses to terrorist attacks are emphasized.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will be able to identify the necessary steps in conducting a preliminary criminal investigation
B. Students will identify the three basic types of patrol patterns
C. Students will explain appropriate use of force
D. Students will distinguish between "observation" and "perception"

A.J. 91:          “Report Writing”

This course includes the procedures and practices commonly used to gather data and prepare a variety of police records. Emphasis will be placed upon the need to use correct spelling sentence structure, punctuation and vocabulary in criminal justice reports to meet statistical, legal and prosecution requirements of the criminal justice system. Superior writing ability is one of the key ingredients for success as a law enforcement officer.  Over 60% of an officer’s daily routine is devoted to writing crime reports, arrest reports, complex investigation reports, and other types of written communication.  This course provides practical exercises to develop general writing skills and to apply those skills specifically to police report writing.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Demonstrate the ability to take field notes that includes the information to complete a crime or incident report.

B. Demonstrate the basic steps of interviewing using verbal and non-verbal and observation.

C. Compose a cohesive written report, synthesizing several sources and formulating conclusions.

 

A.J. 71:          “Police First Aid & CPR”

This basic course in emergency first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation emphasizes how to recognize and render assistance to the ill or injured where there is an airway obstruction, respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, severe bleeding, shock, actual or suspected fractures, head injuries, or other life threatening environmental circumstances. This course meets the California Department of Health requirements as described in the California Administrative Code. A basic Red Cross Certificate will be issued to those students who successfully complete the course. This is a general first aid course useful for allmembers of the community, but with special emphasis on emergency treatment of the major trauma conditions typically encountered by police personnel.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will demonstrate proper CPR techniques
B. Students will demonstrate proper techniques to aid a choking victim
C. Students will demonstrate proper techniques to treat shock

A.J. 220:        “Criminal Investigation”

This course stresses the fundamental techniques, procedures and ethical issues of investigations, including organization of the investigative process, crime scene search, recording, collection and preservation of physical evidence, scientific aids and analysis to investigations, the role of the investigator, modus operandi, sources of information, interviews and interrogation, utility of evidence, follow-up investigation and case preparation. An introduction to organizing, managing, and conducting criminal investigations.  Develops analytical skills and provides a broad understanding of investigative techniques. Includes practical lab work in fingerprinting, evidence processing, and a mock investigation. A great class for armchair detectives, journalists, writers, lawyers and others in related fields. 

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students explain the role and process of a first responder in a crime scene investigation
B. Students will identify the sequential stages in a criminal investigation
C. Students will demonstrate the techniques and protocols of fingerprint evidence collection
D. Students will identify critical ethical issues relating to criminal investigations
E. Students will describe the stages in the criminal investigative process
F. Students will identify key information sources and data systems available to investigators

A.J. 221:        “Narcotics and Vice Control”

This course is an introduction to the fields of narcotics and vice investigation. It examines the detection, suppression, apprehension and prosecution of narcotics and vice law violators. Field identification of controlled substances and their effects on the body are stressed. Laws relating to bookmaking, gambling, prostitution, pornography and morals offenses are also covered. The emphasis is on narcotics violations and includes drug and drug paraphernalia identification, as well as, the causes, symptoms, effects and treatment of drug abuse.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will identify the objective symptoms of narcotic intoxication
B. Students will differentiate between various drug classifications and their effects on the central nervous system
C. Students will recall the elements of specific drug related laws

A.J. 222:        “Juvenile Procedures”

This course emphasizes the origin, development, organization, functions, and jurisdiction of the Juvenile Justice System in America; the theories that focus on Juvenile Law, processes and detention of juveniles; constitutional protections extended to juveniles; case disposition, juvenile statutes and court procedures relative to juvenile offenders in the American Justice System. An examination of the laws relating to juvenile offenders and the processing of juvenile cases by police officers, probation departments, juvenile courts and the California Youth Authority. Laws and procedures regarding child abuse are covered in detail. In addition to AJ majors this course is of great value to anyone pursuing a career in education or social work.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will identify the legal concepts of Loco Parentis, Parens Patrie and Age of Responsibility
B. Students will understand the evolution of the juvenile justice system
C. Students will identify the jurisdiction of the juvenile court
D. Students will distinguish between delinquency, status offenses and dependency
E. Students will apply the California laws pertaining to juvenile delinquency and
dependency
F. Students will identify the Constitutional protections extended to juvenile thru
judicial decisions.

          

A.J. 107:        “Introduction to Corrections, Probation and Parole”

This introductory course provides a history, philosophy and critical analysis of punishment, alternatives to punishment and the impact of punishment on the Criminal Justice System, corrections, a critical examination of the types of correctional institutions and the clients housed in each institution and an examination of contemporary correctional issues. The course explains the principles of parole and probation as a governmental function at the federal, state, and local levels and is designed to show the relationship between the criminal justice system components. Custody and treatment practices of federal, state and local jails and prisons are examined, as well as, the policies and objectives of community-based corrections, probation and parole.

Student Learning Outcomes

A. Students will assess variations of community based correctional programs
B. Students will articulate the philosophy of punishment as a goal of corrections
C. Students will illustrate the different correctional models
D. Students will explain the functions of the correctional system
E. Students will evaluate risk assessment and alternative dispute resolution
F. Students will measure pre-sentence investigation as a component of sentencing
G. Students will define the constitutional basis for inmates' rights
H. Students will identify inmate privileges
I. Students will distinguish between the federal, state, and local correctional systems
J. Students will explain the evolution of the corrections system in the United States
K. Students distinguish between probation and parole.
L. Students will identify special populations in federal, state and local Facilities
M. Students will identify special category offender/clients
N. Students will identify innovative programs designed for specific correctional institutions and describe their impact on the corrections client and society at large

 

A.J. 173:         “A J Work Experience”

Three units of Administration of Justice Occupational Work Experience require 180 non-paid hours of work or 225 paid hours of work per semester. Work experience provides the opportunity for students to apply skills and knowledge learned in the classroom to exacting experiences in the workplace. The aim of the course is to assist students in becoming more productive workers. In the process of doing so, it creates greater communication with increased understanding between the student/trainees and the college. First-semester students meet with their instructors for a minimum of one hour per week. Students also pursue a program of self-evaluation to determine individual job weaknesses and strengths. Semester projects that relate to their major and job skills must be completed on the job/training site. Second-, third-, and fourth-semester students must meet weekly with the instructor until their participatory assignments and semester work projects have been approved. Work experience courses may be taken for a maximum of 8 units per semester. The total work experience units taken by a student may not exceed 16 units.

Student learning outcomes

A. Students will identify the job description and job related tasks for the internship position
B, Students will demonstrate the ability to perform job related tasks required in the internship
C. Students will identify career goals and explain how the internship experience relates to those goals            

 

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